Article 13214

Title of the article



Meshcheryakova Anna Fedorovna, Candidate of juridical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of justice, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia),

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Background. The reform of higher courts of the Russian Federation is one of the most discussed issues by the legal community. The quality and quantity of the reforms depend ultimately on the degree of efficiency of functioning of the judicial system and public confidence in this branch. It is therefore necessary to adopt balanced and reasonable decisions. Achieving this goal can be facilitated by social and legal monitoring. With it one can have a real picture of the diversity of opinions and ideas that are emerging from the representatives of science, the higher school, law enforcers, as well as ordinary citizens about the ongoing reforms in the country. In addition, socio-legal monitoring associated with the study of experience of development of judicial systems in foreign countries and the use of comparative approach for problem solving to improve the quality of the Russian justice.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the research task was achieved through application of the method of comparative law, as well as conducting a poll in the form of a questionnaire. The article describes the methodology of the social and legal monitoring carried out under the project "Development Strategy of justice in the globalizing world (comparative law research)", supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities.
Results. The study allowed to analyze the attitude of professionals and citizens to the ongoing judicial reform in the country and, in particular, to the issue of combining the highest judicial bodies, as well as to find out to what extent it is permissible to use the foreign experience of functioning courts in the Russian reality. It also helped to develop some recommendations and suggestions to improve the process of reformation.
Findings. Usage of the socio-legal monitoring is a prerequisite for fundamental reforms in the judiciary. Usage of this method allows you to better understand the "disease" that the judicial system suffers today and to find recipes for their healing, based on the international experience. 

Key words

socio-legal monitoring, judicial reform, courts, justice, questionnaire, survey, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Arbitral Court of the Russian Federation, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the U.S. Supreme Court. 

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Дата создания: 14.11.2014 09:40
Дата обновления: 14.11.2014 14:00